Following record-breaking M&A activity in 2021, M&A volume over the 12 months ending December 31, 2022 reverted toward the mean, with a significant slowdown in the second half of the year. Global M&A volume in 2022 was US$3.6 trillion, down from US$6.2 trillion in 2021 and closer to the annual average of US$4.3 trillion over the prior 10-year period.

Editors' Note: The XBMA Review is published on a quarterly basis in order to facilitate a deeper understanding of trends and developments. In order to facilitate meaningful comparisons, the XBMA Review has utilized generally consistent metrics and sources of data since inception. We welcome feedback and suggestions for improving the XBMA Review or for interpreting the data.


DANISH UPDATE: Nasdaq Introduces a Common Nordic Main Market Rulebook for Issuers of Shares

Nasdaq has introduced a “Nordic Main Market Rulebook for Issuers of Shares” (the “Rulebook”), comprising Nasdaq Copenhagen, Nasdaq Helsinki, Nasdaq Iceland and Nasdaq Stockholm (the “Exchanges”). The Rulebook entered into force on 1 May 2020 and is comprised of two parts. The first part is a harmonized set of rules applicable to issuers of shares … Continued

This article was co-authored by Dan Moalem (Partner) and Henning Hedegaard Thomsen (Senior Associate) at Moalem Weitemeyer Bendtsen (Copenhagen)


FRENCH UPDATE: Revised Key Topics for Boards of Directors and Senior Management in Relation to the COVID-19 Crisis

This is a revised summary version of our initial client memos regarding the crisis. In his speech on March 16, President Macron stated, “we are at war,” six times.  Since then, businesses continue to assimilate and react to the radical changes that have occurred over the last weeks.  The government and various regulators, including the … Continued

U.S. UPDATE – 2019 Checklist for Successful Acquisitions in the United States

Cross-Border M&A – 2019 Checklist for Successful Acquisitions in the United States M&A in 2018 began with a bang, with more than $350 billion of deals in January 2018 – a January level not seen since 2000 – and much chatter that M&A volume for the year could hit an all-time record. As it turned … Continued

Editors’ Note: This submission updates a checklist co-authored by Messrs. Emmerich and Panovka, members of XBMA’s Legal Roundtable, with their colleagues at Wachtell Lipton, Jodi J. Schwartz, Scott K. Charles, David A. Katz, Andrew J. Nussbaum, Ilene Knable Gotts, Mark Gordon, Joshua R. Cammaker, William Savitt, Andrea K. Wahlquist, Karessa L. Cain, T. Eiko Stange, Joshua M. Holmes, Eric M. Rosof, Gordon S. Moodie, Emil A. Kleinhaus, Edward J. Lee, Raaj S. Narayan and Matthew T. Carpenter.


CHINESE UPDATE – Bond Market Enforcement to be Unified under the CSRC

Bond Market Enforcement to be Unified under the CSRC On December 3, 2018, the People’s Bank of China (the “PBOC”), the China Securities Regulatory Commission (the “CSRC”) and the National Development and Reform Commission (the “NDRC”), were authorized by the State Council to jointly issue their Opinions Concerning the Relevant Issues on Further Strengthening Law … Continued

Editors’ Note: Contributed by Adam Li, a partner at JunHe and a member of XBMA’s Legal Roundtable. Mr. Li is a leading expert in international mergers & acquisitions, capital markets and international financial transactions involving Chinese companies. This article was authored by Ms. Man Wu, counsel at JunHe. Ms. Wu has ample experience in drafting rules as well as the investigation and supervision of different entities, such as listed companies, securities companies and fund management companies. Ms. Wu also worked for the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) for 13 years before joining JunHe.


GERMAN UPDATE – Private Equity Reacting Flexibly

Highlights: The private equity business it has recovered to a constant level.  In 2012, private equity transactions related to Germany reached a total volume of approx. EUR 5.8B. Other than in the United States, volumes and conditions have not returned to their levels of before 2007, but there is development in this direction. Following 2007, … Continued

Editors’ Note: Dr. Christof Jäckle and Dr. Emanuel Strehle are members of XBMA’s Legal Roundtable and Partners at Hengeler Mueller—a leading German firm in the M&A and corporate arena. This article is co-authored by Hengeler Mueller partners Dr. Emanuel P. Strehle and Dr. Hans-Jörg Ziegenhain.


BRAZILIAN UPDATE – Debenture financing for infrastructure projects, R&D and innovation – Reduced income tax

Highlights:  New legislation reduces the income tax applicable to income from debentures issued by special purpose companies (SPCs) incorporated to carry out infrastructure investment projects or projects for intensive economic production in research, development and innovation that are deemed “priorities” by the federal government. Legal entities domiciled in Brazil are subject to a 15% tax … Continued

Editor’s Note:  This update comes from Francisco Antunes Maciel Müssnich (founding partner) from Barbosa, Müssnich & Aragão Advogados.  Francisco Müssnich is a member of XBMA’s Legal Roundtable, and a leading expert on Brazilian corporate and M&A matters.  This paper was jointly authored by the firm’s Capital Markets and Tax teams.


XBMA – Quarterly Review for Q1 2011

The attached slides summarize trends in cross-border M&A and strategic investment activity throughout the first quarter of 2011.   Highlights: Global M&A volume for Q1 2011 was US$671.8 billion, up 29.5% as compared to Q1 2010. Cross-border transactions have rebounded substantially from 2009: 38% of Q1 2011 global M&A was cross-border — up slightly from … Continued

Editor's Note: This is an example of the type of post and content the XBMA Forum seeks to showcase.


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